The Debate on Confederation Begins

March 11, 1865
Parliamentary Debates on the subject of the Confederation of the British North American Provinces, 1865. Source: Library and Archives Canada.Pinterest
Parliamentary Debates on the subject of the Confederation of the British North American Provinces, 1865. Source: Library and Archives Canada.

Early in 1865, Macdonald gave the opening speech for the parliamentary debate on Confederation. This speech was apparently one of the longest and least convincing he ever gave. Macdonald argued that Confederation was an opportunity that might never recur and warned of the danger of impending anarchy. The debate continued until March 11, 1865 when at 4:30 in the morning, the vote on the 72 Resolutions was finally called and handily passed. Now, it only needed to pass the British Parliament before becoming law.