The British North America Bill

December 4, 1866 - July 1, 1867
The Fathers of Confederation at the London Conference, 1866. Source: Library and Archives CanadaPinterest
The Fathers of Confederation at the London Conference, 1866. Source: Library and Archives Canada

A final Confederation conference was held in London, England on December 4, 1866 at the Westminister Palace Hotel. The event lasted three days and no minutes were taken. Shortly after, the British House of Commons and House of Lords recessed for the Christmas and New Year break, leaving the Canadian delegation little choice but to wait in London for parliament to resume and vote on the bill. On February 19, 1867, the British North America Bill was introduced to the House of Commons in Westminster. It sailed through its first reading and second readings and, by March 8, had passed its third reading. By the end of March, Queen Victoria granted Royal Assent. The British North America Act was now officially law and was set to come into place on July 1, 1867.