St Mary's Cathedral

1843
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St Mary’s Cathedral before the enlargements of 1889. Source: Henderson booklet on Kingston c1888, coll. J. McKendry

During the time when Kingston was the capital of Lower Canada and Upper Canada, St Mary's Roman Catholic Cathedral was designed in Gothic Revival style by P.-L. Morin on a height of land at Johnson and Clergy Streets. Its construction in 1843 was troubled with hostility from Orangemen who, bringing their anti-Catholic views with them from the Old World, attacked the church’s stonework on 12 July (the date of the triumph of William of Orange in 1690). Among the stonemasons working on the church was Alexander Mackenzie, the future Prime Minister of Canada from 1873 to 1878. In 1889, the cathedral was enlarged with a tall front tower.