Report on Industrial Schools for Indians & Half Breeds

1879
Nicholas Flood Davin, M.P. Source: William James Topley, Library and Archives Canada.Pinterest
Nicholas Flood Davin, M.P. Source: William James Topley, Library and Archives Canada.

In 1879, Nicolas Flood Davin reported to the Canadian government recommendations on First Peoples education and assimilation. Using American policies as an example, Davin’s report supported the already popular belief that assimilation of Aboriginal peoples through mandatory schooling was a cost-effective strategy in dealing with the "Indian problem." Macdonald agreed saying, "When the school is on the reserve, the child lives with its parents, who are savages, and though he may learn to read and write, his habits and training mode of thought are Indian. He is simply a savage who can read and write. It has been strongly impressed upon myself, as head of the Department, that Indian children should be withdrawn as much as possible from the parental influence, and the only way to do that would be to put them in central training industrial schools where they will acquire the habits and modes of thought of white men."