International Leadership

July 1, 1867 - June 6, 1891
Sir John A. Macdonald circa 1883 by William James Topley. Source: Library and Archives Canada.Pinterest
Sir John A. Macdonald circa 1883 by William James Topley. Source: Library and Archives Canada.

Macdonald shared the international stage with several other internationally recognized figures in the second half of the nineteenth century including Bismarck (Germany), Garibaldi (Italy), and Lincoln (United States of America) – also makers of their respective countries. Macdonald's diplomatic role prompted Richard Gwyn's assessment that Macdonald was a "devious, astute, manipulative, resilient, clever, daring" politician and that his skills and accomplishments "were comparable to those of the century's democratic greats, Abraham Lincoln and Benjamin Disraeli."